KVM setup in Fedora

KVM setup in Fedora


virsh list --all
virsh start <vm>
virsh start <vm> --console
virsh stop <vm>


KVM isn't kernel specific, XEN required special kernel, so XEN could have kernel upgrade issue.

Bridge Network

When creating bridging network, if grub is used to create network interface, then Network Manager should not be used to create same interface. If Network Manager used, same network interface will be appear in ifconfig -a command output twice, One is created by NetworkManager, another is created by grub. If bridge network interface created on top of grub created interface, the IP address will be still assigned to grub created interface.

In order to avoid above issue, following line in /etc/default/grub to create network interface with bridging network interface br0.

GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=" ... ip= nameserver= ifname=enp0s10:00:26:4a:18:82:c6 bridge=br0:enp0s10"

After br0 created, KVM manager can select bridging network for vm creation.

Update grub using following command

grub2-mkconfig -o /boot/grub2/grub.cfg

Download driver

Both Windows disk controller driver and ethernet driver can be downloaded from Fedora Website, https://fedorapeople.org/groups/virt/virtio-win/direct-downloads/archive-virtio/virtio-win-0.1.139-1/virtio-win-0.1.139.iso, and add additional CD-ROM to point to this iso.

Create VM

Using Virtual Machine Manager

Create VM requires add storage, if the storage file doesn't exist, need to select the storage location, and also input the size of disk which located above the location selection box.

Using command line

To create Ubuntu VM from local image,

virt-install \
--name ubuntu2104 \
--ram 3072 \
--vcpus 2 \
--disk path=/kvm/ubuntu2104.qcow2,size=20 \
--os-variant ubuntu20.04 \
--os-type linux \
--network bridge=br0 \
--graphics none \
--console pty,target_type=serial \
--cdrom /kvm/ubuntu-21.04-live-server-amd64.iso \
--boot kernel=casper/vmlinuz,initrd=casper/initrd,kernel_args="console=ttyS0"

To create Fedora VM from remote server

virt-install \
--name fed34 \
--ram 2048 \
--vcpus 2 \
--disk path=/kvm/fed34.img,size=20 \
--os-variant fedora34 \
--os-type linux \
--network bridge=virbr0 \
--graphics none \
--console pty,target_type=serial \
--location 'https://mirror.arizona.edu/fedora/linux/releases/34/Server/x86_64/os/' \
--extra-args 'console=ttyS0,115200n8 serial'

Create Windows 10 VM

virt-install \
   --ram=4096 \
   --name=windows10 \
   --os-type=win10 \
   --network network=default \
   --disk path=/kvm/kvm-windows10.img,size=100 \
   --cdrom=/kvm/virtio-win-0.1.139.iso \
   --graphics spice


  • Cannot select type of CPU or Passthru mode
  • Cannot select type of disk controller type to use virtual device driver.


10 Easy Steps To Install Windows 10 on Linux KVM – KVM Windows

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